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The Prevention of Household Fires and Burns

PAMPA cares about the health and safety of your children. Our safety topic for this month is – The Prevention of Household Fires and Burns. 

  • Ensure your home has working smoke alarms. Having a smoke alarm in your home cuts your risk of dying in a fire in half! Most fire related deaths occur at night. There is a critical period of 4 minutes to get outside after the alarm sounds to prevent the inhalation of smoke or toxic gases. Use long-life batteries in your smoke alarms, or change the batteries at least once a year.  
  • Don’t smoke in your home - Did you know that one third of home fires which cause fatalities are caused by smoking? Smoking in bed or improper disposal of ashes puts children sleeping in nearby rooms in danger. 
  •  Have an escape plan - You should identify and discuss with your children the exit routes from your home if there is a fire and agree on a meeting place away from your home. Teach your children that the sound of a smoke alarm means to go outside right away to the chosen place. Get out quickly, calmly and carefully. Remember, children younger than 5 years of age must plan on an adult rescuing them; they are too young to be able to “rescue themselves.” 
  •  Teach your children what to do in the event of a fire – 
    • Test any closed doors with the back of your hand for heat. Do not open a door that feels warm or if you see smoke. Close all doors as you leave each room to keep the fire from spreading. 
    • Crawl low under the smoke. Teach your child to crawl on his/her hands and knees.
    • Don’t stop – don’t go back. 
  • Have fire extinguishers in your home - The most common causes of home fires are related to cooking and heating equipment. You should have a working fire extinguisher in your home that is available in the kitchen as well as one conveniently located to any room with a furnace or fireplace.
  • Heating ventilation systems and fireplaces should be checked at least once a year. Their annual inspection helps prevent carbon monoxide poisoning and fires. Carbon monoxide detectors are also available to provide an early warning before the gas builds up to a dangerous level.
  • Keep matches and lighters out of the reach and sight of children. Each year, over 5,000 fires are started by children younger than 5, who are playing with matches and lighters. 


© 2011 Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
PAMPA is a pediatric medical practice in north Atlanta, Georgia consisting of twelve pediatricians, five nurses,
and four locations in Roswell, Woodstock, Atlanta, and Marietta. area.
Woodstock pediatric practice and pediatricians | Alpharetta Pediatrician | North Atlanta Pediatricians | Alpharetta Pediatricians | Roswell Pediatricians | Northside Pediatricians | Roswell Pediatrician
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